Sibenik is historical town located in the picturesque bay where the Krka River flows into the Adriatic Sea, in Central Dalmatia. Sibenik today is the administrative, political, economic, social and cultural center of the County of Sibenik and Knin which extends along the 100 kilometer long coastline between the Zadar and Split Rivieras, extending up to 45 kilometers into the hinterland area.
Sibenik and Knin County has 242 islands, islets and above-sea reefs and only 10 island settlements. The most numerous group of islands are the Kornati, widely known for their bizarre shapes and splendid natural beauties.
This historical, fortified town is the oldest native Croatian town on the shores of the Adriatic sea. Unlike other cities along Adriatic coast, Sibenik was founded by Croats around the 9th century. Town Sibenik was mentioned for the first time in the 11th century in a document written by the king Petar Kresimir IV. Through the history many different nations was fighting for tit – from the Austrian-Hungarian monarchy over Byzantium to Venice, but the town was still making progress, spreading and developing its culture, art, navigation, trade and economy in general. Sibenik was under the Venetian rule for long 400 years and from that period we have the most significant historical and cultural sites of Sibenik today. Among them is also the main symbol of the Town today – the Cathedral of St. Jacob.
The Cathedral of St James is a construction made of white stone blocks without any supporting part made of wood or any other connecting material. This cathedral is fascinating and is the most significant architectural achievement of the 15th and 16th century in Croatia, built up in a unique Gothic and Renaissance style with a frieze of 71 human heads in the exterior, and sculptures and mosaics in the interior. The Cathedral of St. Jacob was enlisted in the UNESCO World Heritage list in 2000.
During the Venetian government Sibenik becomes one of the most important humanistic and Renaissance centers. It was gathering place of different artist (writers, architects, historians, artists). One of them has a special place in history of Sibenik, he is Faust Vrancic. He was a polymath and bishop, who was interested in different fields from science to theology, he published the book of inventions “Macchinae novae” as well as the “Dictionary of the five most noble European languages”, making it the first dictionary of the Hungarian and Croatian languages at the same time ever printed.
This region is characterized by the library of the historical sites and culture, protected by the limestone rocks and mountain hinterland, blessed with more than 200 islands, islets, cliffs and reefs in its waters, a rich vineyard treasury united in a unique urban center.